The annual International Black-faced Spoonbill Census was conducted on 8-10 January 2010. This census recorded a total of 2,347 Black-faced Spoonbills, scoring a new height for the population of this species. This record peak count also represents an increase of 15% from the last year’s figure. Same as previous censuses, Tsengwen River estuary of Tainan as well as Deep Bay between Hong Kong and Shenzhen are the two biggest wintering sites of the Black-faced Spoonbill. A total of 95 Black-faced Spoonbills were also observed at Xinhua Bay, Fujian, which has now evolved into another important wintering site of this globally endangered species. Enclosed is the report of the census.