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[Hong Kong] 生物多樣性指標報告 2013 & 2014 Biodiversity Indicators Report

This topic has been sticky by HKBWS Vicky at 17/02/2017 17:20.

生物多樣性指標報告 2013 & 2014 Biodiversity Indicators Report

《香港生物多樣性及保育 重點指標報告2013&2014》
“Hong Kong Headline Indicators for Biodiversity and Conservation 2013-2014”



【新聞稿】
(2016年3月29日)香港觀鳥會今天發表最新一份《香港生物多樣性及保育 重點指標報告》。這份報告是本港唯一有系統地監察生物多樣性的保育及進展的報告,也是同一系列中的第三份,並收集及分析過去至少5年的數據。

香港觀鳥會主席劉偉民先生表示:「政府早於2013年已為制定《香港生物多樣性策略和行動計劃》(《行動計劃》)開始相關工作,現時已進入公眾諮詢的階段。我們這份報告尤其重要,因為它勾劃出本港生物多樣性所面對的主要威脅和挑戰,而這些資料是《行動計劃》旨在解決的問題,但卻沒有在是次政府的諮詢文件中提及。」

報告指出鄉郊破壞持續威脅香港的生物多樣性,本港平均每年有超過100宗違例個案,並且約有30宗是由於現行法律的漏洞而未能執法。到目前為止,環保團體所跟進的個案裡沒有一個成功恢復到原有生態功能的例子。
多項發展亦正在侵蝕本港的自然保育地帶。政府擬議將本港1%的「綠化地帶」改劃為住宅用地,當中包括有植被及已確認具生態價值的地方。而過去十年,丁屋發展佔「農業」及「綠化地帶」用地獲批的規劃申請總數分別超過90%及65%。

此外,重點物種的種群數量正在下降。后海灣地區的水鳥數量在過去八年間減少了一半,以平均每年約7%的速度下降。而中華白海豚在大嶼山的數量也有類似的趨勢。

劉先生補充說:「香港觀鳥會贊成政府制訂本港的《行動計劃》,並且在2016年的預算當中預留資金執行此計劃。我們也支持在諮詢文件中所提及的現行保育和教育工作。然而,這些措施並不足以解決本港生物多樣性所面對的迫切威脅。因此,我們促請政府將以下建議納入《行動計劃》內以有效保護本港的生物多樣性。」

1)        成立一個高層跨部門委員會,負責指導和統籌各部門的生物多樣性保育行動,以有效執行《行動計劃》。

2)        通過以下措施加強對具有高生態價值地點的保護及管理:
a.        納入郊野公園
b.        實施「管理協議」
c.        成立自然保育基金
d.        非原址換地;及
e.        組織跨部門保育及執法專責小組

3)        修改現時阻礙有效執法的法例漏洞,如城市規劃條例、環境影響評估條例,以及廢物處置條例等。另外加強進口禽鳥牌照的監管,減少鳥類貿易對本地鳥類種群及公共衛生所帶來的不良影響。

香港觀鳥會鼓勵重視香港大自然及關注鄉郊破壞的市民,在公眾諮詢期內(截止日期2016年4月7日)向政府提交書面意見,以支持落實《行動計劃》,並要求加入更多實際及有效的措施,令《行動計劃》有效保護本港的生物多樣性。

本報告的重點指標是以思匯政策研究所發表的《自然保護 - 香港的新政策框架》為基礎,並根據多個環保組織、學者、環境顧問、政府官員及其他持份者的廣泛討論後篩選出來。報告中使用的數據是來自各政府部門、環保團體及學者。

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PRESS RELEASE

(29 March 2016) The Hong Kong Bird Watching Society (HKBWS) today released the latest report of “Hong Kong Headline Indicators for Biodiversity and Conservation 2013-2014”, the only systematic monitoring of the state and progress of biodiversity conservation in Hong Kong. This is the third report of the same series, which reports on data collected over the past 5 years.  

Mr. Apache Lau, the chairman of HKBWS said, “The Government initiated the work on formulating a Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP) for Hong Kong in 2013 and now it has come to the public consultation period. This report is particularly important as it provides key baseline information about the key threats and challenges to biodiversity that the BSAP is intended to address but or not included in the consultation document”.

The report shows how ecological vandalism continues to threaten Hong Kong’s biodiversity. There are on average over 100 confirmed cases of unauthorized development per year and over 30 cases which enforcement not possible due to known loopholes in current legislation. None of the damaged sites reported by environmental NGOs were restored back to their original ecological function.

Developments are encroaching our conservation zonings. 1% of Green Belts in Hong Kong was proposed to rezone for housing development, in which some are well-vegetated and with recognized ecological value. Small houses applications account for more than 90% and 65% of the approved applications in Agriculture and Green Belt zonings respectively in the past decade.

Populations of key species are declining. The peak count of waterbirds in Deep Bay area has halved in the past eight years with an average annual decrease rate of about 7%. The abundance of Chinese White Dolphin in Lantau follows a similar trend.  

Mr. Lau added, “The HKBWS welcomes the formulation of BSAP for Hong Kong and that the Government has allocated funding to facilitate its implementation in 2016 budget. HKBWS also supports the existing conservation and education efforts of the Government as outlined in the consultation document. However, these measures do not adequately address the imminent threats to our biodiversity and natural environment”.

The HKBWS urges the Government to adopt the following actions to strengthen the BSAP in order to meet the challenges outline about.

1)        Establish a high level inter-departmental committee to steer and co-ordinate the biodiversity conservation actions of different departments for an effective implementation of the BSAP.

2)        Strengthen the protection and management of sites and habitats with high ecological value, which can be achieved through:
a.        designation of Country Parks,
b.        implementation of Management Agreements,
c.        establishment of a Nature Conservation Trust,
d.        non-in-situ land exchange, and
e.        a cross-departmental conservation enforcement task force

3)        Revise loopholes in existing regulatory framework (e.g. Town Planning Ordinance, Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance, and Waste Disposal Ordinance) that hinder effective enforcement. Licensing of imported birds should also be strengthened to minimise the adverse impacts on bird populations and public health caused by this trade.

The HKBWS encourages members of the public who values Hong Kong’s natural heritage and are concerned about the ongoing trashing incidents to make written submissions to the Government (deadline: 7 April 2016), to support the implementation of the BSAP and to request more solid measures be include in the BSAP to ensure effective protection and conservation of Hong Kong’s biodiversity.

The headline indicators in this report were developed based on the report “Nature Conservation: A new policy framework for Hong Kong” published by Civic Exchange, and were selected through discussions with environmental NGOs, academics, consultants, government officials and other stakeholders. The data used in the report was collected from Government departments, environmental NGOs and academics.

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*** 延伸閱讀 Further readings: 本會對《行動計劃》的重點建議 HKBWS’s key comments on BSAP
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下載報告Download report:
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2013 & 2014 報告 Report

http://www.hkbws.org.hk/web/chi/ ... _Report_chi_web.pdf (中文Chinese, 3.70MB)
http://www.hkbws.org.hk/web/eng/ ... _Report_eng_web.pdf (英文English, 3.21MB)

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2012報告 Report

http://www.hkbws.org.hk/web/chi/ ... dicators_Report.pdf (只提供英文English version only, 382KB)
*相關連結Related Link: http://www.hkbws.org.hk/BBS/viewthread.php?tid=19256

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2011報告 Report

http://www.hkbws.org.hk/web/chi/ ... tors_Report_CHI.pdf (中文Chinese, 6.57MB)
http://www.hkbws.org.hk/web/eng/ ... ators_Report_EN.pdf (英文English, 5.77MB)
*相關連結Related Link: http://www.hkbws.org.hk/BBS/viewthread.php?tid=14721

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香港觀鳥會 HKBWS

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